Keywords: Sansevieriacaulescens N.E.Br., horses, erythrocytes, 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), aldehydic and ketonic derivatives of oxidatively modified proteins, total antioxidant capacity
The main goal of present study was to evaluate the level of the 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) as lipid peroxidation biomarker, aldehydic and ketonic derivatives of oxidatively modified proteins, and total antioxidant capacity in the equine erythrocytes’ suspension induced by treatment of leaf extracts obtained from Sansevieriacaulescens N.E.Br. There were no significant changes for TBARS level between the value in the control group and in the equine erythrocytes’ suspension after incubation with extracts derived from leaves of S.caulescens(35.88±3.02 μmol/L vs. 35.04±2.31 μmol/L). The level of aldehydic and ketonic derivatives of oxidatively modified proteins was non-significantly changed in the equine erythrocytes’ suspension incubated with an extract obtained from the leaves of S. caulescens(31.16±1.89 nmol/mL vs. 29.77±1.17 nmol/mL for aldehydic derivatives, 39.47±2.20 nmol/mL vs. 36.75±1.73 nmol/ mL for ketonic derivatives of oxidatively modified proteins). The antioxidative and prooxidative mechanism of various Sansevieria species in equine erythrocyte suspension will be further studied in detail. Our study suggests that there were no significant changes for TBARS level as biomarker of lipid peroxidation, aldehydic and ketonic derivatives of oxidatively modified proteins, and total antioxidant capacity between values in control group and in the muscle tissue of rainbow trout after incubation with extracts from leaves of S. caulescens. Taking into account existing experimental evidence, it is reasonable to assume that secondary plant metabolites, i.e. polyphenolic compounds in the extract of S. caulescens may contribute to the antioxidant activity. In conclusion, the antioxidative and prooxidative mechanism of various Sansevieria species in equine erythrocyte suspension will be further studied in detail. The obtained information may be useful in the clinical usage of plants in medicine and veterinary. Finally, these findings justify the traditional uses of Sansevieriaplants for therapeutic purposes.
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